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Sui Generis Rights for the Protection of Traditional Cultural Expressions Policy Implications

  1. Prof. Dr. Kilian Bizer
  2. Matthias Lankau
  3. Prof. Dr. Gerald Spindler
  4. Philipp Zimbehl


Within the international community there have been many calls for better protection of traditional cultural expressions (TCEs), for which classic instruments of intellectual property rights do not seem to fit. In response, at least five model laws have been advanced within the last 40 years. These are referred to as sui generis because, though they generally belong to the realm of intellectual property they structurally depart from classic copyright law to accommodate the needs of the holders of TCEs. The purpose of this paper is to provide a well-founded basis for national policy makers who wish to implement protection for TCEs within their country. This is achieved by systematically comparing and evaluating economic effects that can be expected to result from these regulatory alternatives and a related system or private ordering. Specifically, we compare if and how protection preferences of local communities are met as well as the social costs that are likely to arise from the different model laws.




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JIPITEC – Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law
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