Welcome to the Jungle: The Liability of Internet Intermediaries for Privacy Violations in Europe van der Sloot Bart In Europe, roughly three regimes apply to the liability of Internet intermediaries for privacy violations conducted by users through their network. These are: the e-Commerce Directive, which, under certain conditions, excludes them from liability; the Data Protection Directive, which imposes a number of duties and responsibilities on providers processing personal data; and the freedom of expression, contained inter alia in the ECHR, which, under certain conditions, grants Internet providers several privileges and freedoms. Each doctrine has its own field of application, but they also have partial overlap. In practice, this creates legal inequality and uncertainty, especially with regard to providers that host online platforms and process User Generated Content. ECHR data protection freedom of expression intermediaries liability privacy violations 340 periodical academic journal JIPITEC 6 3 2015 211 228 2190-3387 urn:nbn:de:0009-29-43183 http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-29-43183 van der sloot2015