How to Build an Orphanage, and Why de la Durantaye Katharina Currently, lawmakers on both sides of the Atlantic are struggling with the problem of orphan works. In the impact assessment of its proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain permitted uses of orphan works, the Eurpean Commission mentions six possible ways of dealing with the problem. Three of the six (a statutory exception to copyright; extended collective licensing; an orphan-specific license granted by collecting societies) have each had their heyday during the past few years. This article examines how and why these changes in popularity occurred. In addition, it explains why a limitation on remedies would be the most adequate solution for the problem in Europe. Collective Licenses Copyright European Union Limitations on Remedies Orphan Works 340 periodical academic journal JIPITEC 2 3 2011 226 235 2190-3387 urn:nbn:de:0009-29-31771 de la durantaye2011