A Primer on ACTA What Europeans Should Fear about the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement Metzger Axel The European Commission recently published the first official draft of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). The article describes the institutional background of the negotiations on ACTA and its relationship to the existing legal framework. The civil enforcement provisions and the Internet chapter are compared with the international and European instruments in the field. For the most part, ACTA will not oblige EU member states to enact rules that go beyond the already established European standards. But stricter rules could be implemented regarding injunctions against non-infringing intermediaries, strict liability rules for damages, and ex parte measures in preliminary proceedings. According to the published draft, the termination of user accounts in the case of repeated intellectual property infringement will not be mandatory for member ACTA states. 340 periodical academic journal JIPITEC 1 2 2010 109 116 2190-3387 urn:nbn:de:0009-29-26128 http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-29-26128 metzger2010